‹Programming› 2020
Mon 23 - Thu 26 March 2020 Porto, Portugal
Thu 26 Mar 2020 14:30 - 15:00 at Auditorium - Thinking Concurrently Chair(s): Matthew Flatt

The array is a fundamental data structure that provides an efficient way to store and retrieve non-sparse data contiguous in memory. Arrays are important for the performance of many memory-intensive applications due to the design of modern memory hierarchies: contiguous storage facilitates spatial locality and predictive access patterns which enables prefetching. Operations on large arrays often lend themselves well to parallelisation, such as a fork-join style divide-and-conquer algorithm for sorting. For parallel operations on arrays to be deterministic, data-race freedom must be guaranteed. For operations on arrays of primitive data, data-race freedom is obtained by coordinating accesses so that no two threads operate on the same array indices. This is however not enough for arrays of non-primitives due to aliasing: accesses of separate array elements may return pointers to the same object, or overlapping structures. Reference capabilities have been used successfully in the past to statically guarantee the absence of data-races in object-oriented programs. This paper presents the first extension of reference capabilities—called array capabilities—that support concurrent and parallel operations on arrays of both primitive and non-primitive values. In addition to element access, array capabilities support the abstract manipulation of arrays, logical splitting of arrays into subarrays, and merging subarrays. These operations allow expressing a wide range of array use cases. (edited) This paper presents the array capability design space and show how it applies to a number of array use cases. The core ideas are formalised and proven sound in a simple calculus, along with a proof that shows that well-typed programs with array capabilities are free from data-races.

Thu 26 Mar
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14:00 - 15:30: Research Papers - Thinking Concurrently at Auditorium
Chair(s): Matthew FlattUniversity of Utah
programming-2020-papers14:00 - 14:30
Research paper
Pascal WeisenburgerTechnische Universität Darmstadt, Guido SalvaneschiTechnische Universität Darmstadt
Link to publication DOI Pre-print
programming-2020-papers14:30 - 15:00
Research paper
Beatrice ÅkerblomStockholm University, Elias CastegrenUppsala University, Tobias WrigstadUppsala University
Link to publication DOI Pre-print
programming-2020-papers15:00 - 15:30
Research paper
Bob ReyndersChonnam National University, Frank PiessensKU Leuven, Dominique DevrieseVrije Universiteit Brussel
Link to publication DOI Pre-print