A growing amount of code is written to explore and analyze data, often by data analysts who do not have a traditional background in programming, for example by journalists.
The way such data analysts write code is different from the way software engineers do so. They use few abstractions, work interactively and rely heavily on external libraries. We aim to capture this way of working and build a programming environment that makes data exploration easier by providing instant live feedback.
We combine theoretical and applied approach. We present the data exploration calculus, a formal language that captures the structure of code written by data analysts. We then implement a data exploration environment that evaluates code instantly during editing and shows previews of the results.
We formally describe an algorithm for providing instant previews for the data exploration calculus that allows the user to modify code in an unrestricted way in a text editor. Supporting interactive editing is tricky as any edit can change the structure of code and fully recomputing the output would be too expensive.
We prove that our algorithm is correct and that it reuses previous results when updating previews after a number of common code edit operations. We also illustrate the practicality of our approach with an empirical evaluation and a case study.
As data analysis becomes an ever more important use of programming, research on programming languages and tools needs to consider new kinds of programming workflows appropriate for those domains and conceive new kinds of tools that can support them. The present paper is one step in this important direction.
Tomas is a Lecturer at University of Kent and a Collaborating Fellow at the Alan Turing Institute in London. He is building programming tools that integrate with modern data sources (open government data, data published by citizen initiatives) and let users easily create analyses and visualizations that are linked to the original data source, making the analyses more transparent, reproducible, but also easy to adapt. His early work on the project can be found at http://thegamma.net.
Tomas’ many other interests include open-source and functional programming (he is an active contributor to the F# ecosystem), programming language theory (his PhD thesis on “coeffects” develops a theory of context-aware programming language language), but also understanding programming through the perspective of philosophy of science.
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Mauricio Verano MerinoTechnische Universiteit Eindhoven, Jurgen VinjuCWI, Netherlands, Tijs van der StormCWI & University of Groningen, NetherlandsLink to publication DOI Pre-print
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Ezra ZigmondHarvard University, Stephen ChongHarvard University, Christos DimoulasPLT @ Northwestern University, Scott MooreGalois, IncLink to publication DOI Pre-print
|17:00 - 17:30|
Tomas PetricekUniversity of KentLink to publication DOI Pre-print